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社会学研究科講義科目

※ 当該講義情報の詳細は 本学学務情報システム・学生ポータル CELS を参照してください。

地球社会研究専攻 プロジェクト実践 4839 A 春 水曜日3時限  水曜日4時限 2単位

地球社会特別演習Ⅰ

担当教員:Steven Witt
【教授言語】

英語

【学部・学年の指定】

3th & 4th year undergraduates and graduate students

【授業科目の目的と概要】

We often hear that we live in an “information society” or are preparing to work in a “knowledge economy”. Drawing on classic and cutting-edge research on the system of information creation and provision, this course provides conceptual foundations for historical, political-economic and policy analysis of information institutions, technologies, and infrastructures.
This course examines the historical and contemporary transformation of information as a social and political economic process, by focusing on how and why social development came to be centered around information. What role has been played in this transition by the historical role of information in times of revolution, imperial domination, utopian movements, and innovations in information and communications technologies (ICTs)? What challenges does this informationally dominated society pose to contemporary life and social stability?

【授業の内容・計画】

The Early Modern Growth of Information System

Week 1 - Introduction: The History of Information – the early modern information society
Period 3: Lecture
Period 4: Class discussion

Week 2 – Information and Empire
Period 3: Lecture - Discussion
Period 4: Documentary

Week 3 – Information Systems and Industrialization
Period 3: Lecture – Discussion
Period 4: Group activity – Class discussion

Information Comes of Age – The Twentieth Century

Week 4 – Global Knowledge is Born – interwar scientific networks and informational utopias
Period 3: Lecture - Discussion
Period 4: Documentary

Week 5 – Science & Technology: Cold War and the Birth of Global Information Control
Period 3: Lecture
Period 4: Group activity – Class discussion

The 21st Century – Global Knowledge Society

Week 6 – Big Data Comes of Age – Computing, Science, and Decision Making
Period 3: Lecture
Period 4: Group activity – Class discussion

Week 7 – The 21st Century: Ubiquitous Information – Privacy, Truth, and Power in the Age of Social Media
Period 3: Lecture
Period 4: Documentary

【テキスト・文献】

Week 1 – Introduction: The History of Information – the early modern information society
*Rayward, W. Boyd. "Information Revolutions, the Information Society, and the Future of the History of Information Science." Library Trends, vol. 62 no. 3, 2014, pp. 681-713. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/lib.2014.0001
Weller, Toni. "Information history: its importance, relevance and future." In Aslib Proceedings, vol. 59, no. 4/5, pp. 437-448. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2007.
Week 2 – Information and Empire
*Mark R. Frost; Pandora’s Post Box: Empire and Information in India, 1854–1914, The English Historical Review, Volume 131, Issue 552, 1 October 2016, Pages 1043–1073, https://doi.org/10.1093/ehr/cew270
C.A. Bayly, “Knowing the Country: Empire and Information in India”, Modern Asian Studies 27(1), 1993: 3-43. Available via JSTOR
Laidlaw, Z. (2005). An information revolution. In Colonial connections, 1815–45: Patronage, the information revolution and colonial government (pp. 169-199). Manchester University Press. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt155j6jk.12

Week 3 – Information Systems and Industrialization
*Richard John, “Recasting the Information Infrastructure for the Industrial Age in Alfred D. Chandler, Jr. and James W. Cortada, A Nation Transformed by Information. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000: 55-105.
James Curran, “The Press as Agency of Social Control”, in G. Boyce, J. Curran and P. Wingate, Eds., Newspaper History: From the 17th Century to the Present Day. London: Constable, 1978: 51-75.
Thompson, E.P. “Time, Work-Discipline and Industrial Capitalism,” Past and Present 38 (December 1967), pp. 56-97.
Jackson T (2016) Network of Knowledge : Western Science and the Tokugawa Information Revolution.

Week 4 – Global Knowledge is Born – interwar scientific networks and informational utopias
*Wertheim, Stephen, Ludovic Tournès, and Inderjeet Parmar. 2018. “The Birth of Global Knowledge: Intellectual Networks in the World Crisis, 1919–1939.” International Politics 55 (6): 727–33. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41311-017-0111-3.
* Laqua, Daniel. "Intellectual exchange and the new information order of the interwar years: The British Society for International Bibliography, 1927–1937." library trends 62, no. 2 (2013): 465-477.

Rayward, W. B. (1994), Visions of Xanadu: Paul Otlet (1868–1944) and hypertext. J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci., 45: 235-250. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(199405)45:4<235::AID-ASI2>3.0.CO;2-Y

Witt, S.W. 2014. “International Mind Alcoves: The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Libraries, and the Struggle for Global Public Opinion, 1917-54.” Library and Information History 30 (4). https://doi.org/10.1179/1758348914Z.00000000068.
Week 5 – Science & Technology: Cold War and the Birth of “Information “Technology”
*Outline of Leslie, Stuart W. Chapter 1 of The Cold War and American science: The military-industrial-academic complex at MIT and Stanford. Columbia University Press, 1993. (See handout).
*Kleinrock, Leonard. 2010. “An Early History of the Internet [History of Communications].” IEEE Communications Magazine 48 (8): 26–36. https://doi.org/10.1109/MCOM.2010.5534584.
Kline, Ronald R. "Cybernetics, Management Science, and Technology Policy: The Emergence of "Information Technology" as a Keyword, 1948-1985." Technology and Culture 47, no. 3 (2006): 513-35. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40061170.

Leslie, Stuart W., and Robert Kargon. "Exporting MIT: Science, technology, and nation-building in India and Iran." Osiris 21, no. 1 (2006): 110-130.

Paul N. Edwards, "Virtual Machines, Virtual Infrastructures: The New Historiography of Information Technology," Isis 89, no. 1 (Mar., 1998): 93-99. https://doi.org/10.1086/383925

Week 6 – Big Data Comes of Age – Indicators, Algorithms, and Decision Making

*Hilbert, Martin, Big Data for Development: From Information- to Knowledge Societies (January 15, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2205145 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2205145

* “A Matter of Trust.” 2007. Nature 449 (October): 637. https://doi.org/10.1038/449637b.

Davis, Kevin E., Benedict Kingsbury, and Sally Engle Merry. 2012. “Indicators as a Technology of Global Governance.” Law & Society Review 46 (1): 71–104. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5893.2012.00473.x.

Lyon, David. “Surveillance, Snowden, and Big Data: Capacities, Consequences, Critique.” Big Data & Society, (July 2014). doi:10.1177/2053951714541861.

Week 7 – The 21st Century: Ubiquitous Information – Privacy, Truth, and Power in the Age of Social Media
*Fuchs, Christian. “Baidu, Weibo and Renren: The Global Political Economy of Social Media in China.” Asian Journal of Communication 26, no. 1 (February 1, 2016): 14–41.
*Khondker, Habibul Haque. 2011. “Role of the New Media in the Arab Spring.” Globalizations 8 (5): 675–79. https://doi.org/10.1080/14747731.2011.621287.
Peters, Michael A. 2018. “Education in a Post-Truth World BT - Post-Truth, Fake News: Viral Modernity & Higher Education.” In , edited by Michael A Peters, Sharon Rider, Mats Hyvönen, and Tina Besley, 145–50. Singapore: Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-8013-5_12.
Smith, Matthew, Christian Szongott, Benjamin Henne, and Gabriele Von Voigt. "Big data privacy issues in public social media." In 2012 6th IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (DEST), pp. 1-6. IEEE, 2012.

Tsay-Vogel, Mina, James Shanahan, and Nancy Signorielli. "Social media cultivating perceptions of privacy: A 5-year analysis of privacy attitudes and self-disclosure behaviors among Facebook users." new media & society 20, no. 1 (2018): 141-161.

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